If you’re either a UI designer or a developer, you’ve probably heard of Sketch in the past years – or maybe you’re even using it. Sketch has become a very popular software and broadly used by UI designers. In this article, I’ll show some steps of my workflow when creating and exporting assets to mobile or web applications.
I hope that this article will be useful for designers starting to use Sketch or developers who need to export assets from a Sketch file. If you’re already experienced with Sketch, you’ll probably be familiar with most of the things I’ll be presenting, but you can still get some good insights from this article.
What is Sketch and why it got so popular
For a long time, UI Designers have been struggling with different tools to create mockups. Photoshop, the most popular software for building interfaces so far, is a photo edition software. It was not created to handle all the specificities of building a user interface. To use it as a tool to develop digital interfaces, you’ll need to re-configure it (eg.: you don’t want to measure your interface with inches), and you’ll be constantly doing some workarounds/using a few of its hundreds of features to build your interfaces. Adobe even tried adding some UI design features to Photoshop, but it is still a huge and memory-consuming software focused on photo edition. Adobe Illustrator has a similar problem: it’s a software focused on vector graphics and printed media.
Meanwhile, Sketch was designed to build user interfaces, and only that. Want to edit a picture? Well, you’ll have some very basic tools here. On the other hand, you’ll be able to design for multiple screen sizes and densities in a very easy way. You’ll also be able to use symbols and text styles, helping in the consistency of the designed interfaces.
Some Basic Tips
Before starting, I’ll list some basic tips and shortcuts for people who need to get some quick information from elements inside a Sketch file.
Direct select an element
Hold command (⌘) and click an element. This will directly select an element and avoid the need to go inside each folder with a double click (or to find it in the layer list).
Getting element sizes and font styles
Select an element and its properties will show up.
Getting distances between elements
Select the base element to get distances from, then hold option (⌥) and hover your mouse over other elements or the artboard to get the distances between them.
You can find a complete list of Sketch shortcuts here.
Creating, Configuring and Exporting Assets
From now on, I’ll be using the icon bar below as an example for the assets exporting. We’ll export these four icons, making sure the assets will have a square aspect ratio, transparent background and each icon will have three pixel densities (1x, 2x and 3x).
If you want to follow the next steps, you can download the sample file here.
Creating Exportable Assets
On Sketch, you can create assets in two distinct ways: by transforming an element into an exportable element or by using slices. Both have the same interface when defining size, name and format, but they have a couple of differences: exportable elements will be added to the layer itself (shape, text, folder, etc.) and will be identified with a knife icon in the layer list; slices, however, will create a separate layer and be shown as a dashed outline square with a knife icon.
To define an exportable element, click on a layer or folder to select it, and then click the “+” icon aside of “Make exportable” at the bottom right of the screen.
To define a slice, use the slice tool (Insert > Slice or the shortcut “S” key). Then drag and drop to draw the slice area.
To transform an exportable element into a slice, just click the slice icon in the export interface.
Exportable elements and slices have a few characteristics that make them different from each other. I’ll list some of them below.
Main attributes of an exportable element:
- It will always have the width and height of the selected element.
- It will not export anything in the background, besides the element itself.
- Assets will have the same name as the layer where they were defined.
Main attributes of a slice:
- You can choose to export with or without a background color.
- You can choose to export the group contents only or with background.
- You can choose to export transparent pixels or to trim them.
- Assets will have the same name as the slice layer.
Using slices, you’ll notice some options in the inspector:
- Trim transparent pixels: remove empty pixels from the exported asset, the final file can have different dimensions than the slice;
- Export group contents only: available only if your slice is inside a group. This may be useful if you need to export an asset with transparent background.
- Background color: define a solid color to use as background. This option will not work if you already have a background and you’re removing it with the option “Group Contents Only”.
Since slices sizes are independent from other layers, all assets can have the same width and height. You can even duplicate them (Edit > Duplicate or just hold option (⌥) and drag). If we had set each icon as an exportable element, they would end up with different sizes as you can see below.
You’ll also be able to view slices in the artboards (dashed rectangles) and toggle the visibility of layers and slices.
The export interface
Every time you create an exportable element or slice, you’ll notice a set of settings of the assets at the bottom of the inspector. These are the steps to set up an asset:
- Select the size of the asset. To export the following sizes you’ll just need to click the “+” icon and Sketch will suggest the following sizes. Although this element is a selector, you can type any number as a multiplier to the original artboard pixels. If your design was made using 2x pixel density, to get the 1x version of the asset you’ll use a 0.5 multiplier, to get the 2x version, a 1x multiplier and so on (that’s why it is recommendable to design at 1x). You can also set a maximum with (w) or height (h), for example, if you want to export an asset with a maximum or 50px wide, set size to 50w.
- Select the suffix for the assets. Sketch will suggest “@2x, @3x” suffix pattern. Icons will be named like “[email protected]“. This is useful for most platforms, but if this is not your case, you can just change it.
- Select the format. Sketch also supports vector formats like SVG and PDF.
- Export. You can export the assets by clicking the “Export ” button, but if you have multiple assets, that’s not the easiest way to go. I’ll explain a little better how to export multiple assets in the next topic.
Exporting multiple assets at once
Now that we have all the slices ready to be exported, we’ll select each one of them and click export, right? Nope – there’s an easier way: you can use File > Export… (⇧⌘E) and select multiple slices to export at once. You can also use a plugin like Sketch Measure or a service like Zeplin to do that.
Sketch has a lot of useful plugins for the most varied functions. A really useful one to export assets and specs is Sketch Measure. Besides other features of Sketch Measure, one of the most useful is the Spec Export. It will create an interactive HTML where the developer can just click an element to see it’s specifications and hover on other elements to see their distance. You can check a demo of the exported specs here.
To use spec export you first need to install Sketch Measure plugin. Then select one or more artboards and go to Plugins > Measure > Spec Export. The first time you’ll need to select the resolution, most times Standard @1x px will do the job. Select the destination folder and voilà, you have an interactive HTML and a folder with all the assets that were set up in the document.
Zeplin is a similar service, but it’s cloud-based and with some extra features, like comments. It is also a paid service, but you can use one project for free.
Sketch is a great tool for designing UIs, and you’ll find a plugin for almost everything you need. If you’ve worked with other tools like Photoshop, I’m sure the simplicity and efficiency of Sketch will impress you. Working with projects that include multiples screens densities has become much easier and practical, since Sketch was built to handle assets with these particularities.
I hope you’ve found some useful tips in this article – if you have any other tips or suggestions, please leave a comment below.